My first color theory class was taught by the wonderful Joseph DiBella josephdibella.com at Mary Washington College, which was at once the most intensive study of a very precise subject, and just the tip of the iceberg.
Interaction of Color formed the basis of most of our coursework.
Itten formed the other half of the curriculum.
Goethe was a topic of discussion but did I read this book?
Bi-Lighting is one of the best breakdowns on how color coming from a monitor behaves differently from color out in the real world. In particular, how developments in monitor technology have affected which colors become fashionable online and in films. Pinks and purples. The takeaway: Millennial pink is cool now because today's monitors can handle more colors, outside the web-safe palette.
The History of Art in 3 Colors is an insightful in depth look at the history of white, gold and (my favorite) blue in the minds of artists and non-artists alike.
Secret Lives of Color is my latest book acquisition. It's a cute breakdown of history's most popular pigments, in which there are plenty of surprising details, like the medieval European taboo against mixing things (colors, flavors, fibers...).
I stumbled across The Anatomy of Color at an art museum gift shop. At a glance it seems to focus on color trends in interior design with some amazing plates of color charts and developments in color theory and pigments.
Nomenclature of Colors is famous for being used by Darwin on his voyage with the Beagle to document his specimens. Like waving Pantone swatches around, I imagine it would be fun to take careful notes about color with this book as a reference. Of course the pigments available to artists have changed since this book was published, but given that this book is primarily used for making observations from the wild, perhaps having access to magenta or not isn't such a big deal.
Color Problems has an incredible story: decades before Goethe, Itten and Albers were making their reputations as color theory experts, this author, a female watercolorist (essentially an unimportant craftswoman, by the values of the day) created a massive study of color theory and color mixing for the watercolor scoeity she was a member of. Her color charts predict the observations later, more famous, male, color theorists would publish. Reissued through a Kickstarter campaign of all things. I'm eagerly awaiting my copy.